Over the first nine months of this season, beef and veal returns and volumes have been higher than lamb and mutton, according to the latest statistics released by Beef + Lamb NZ Ltd.
The data shows that because of the significant size of the market, changes in Chinese demand – specifically, less lamb and mutton and more beef – impacted across all categories of New Zealand meat exports, the data shows.
Meanwhile, the US$/NZ$ exchange rate averaged 0.76 in the first nine months of the current season, compared with 0.84 over the same period last season – a 10 percent drop. This NZD weakness contributed significantly to this season’s higher average export values across all products.
Despite more lambs being processed, New Zealand lamb exports decreased four percent to 237,780 tonnes shipped weight in the nine months to June 2015, compared with the same period in the previous season. This was led by a fall in demand from China.
After increasing year-on-year since 2009-10, lamb exports to China fell 12 percent in the first nine months of the season compared with the previous season. Exports of New Zealand lamb cuts to China held over the period, but lower value exports, like carcases, dropped.
Lamb exports to the European Union were up 4.7 percent. This reflected higher export tonnages to Germany, Netherlands and Belgium, offset by lower exports to the UK, the largest market for New Zealand lamb. Due to dry conditions early in the summer, New Zealand lambs were finished and exported to Britain a little earlier than normally. This coincided with an increased production in the UK and lower exports due to a strong GBP, which put pressure on prices.
Lamb exports to North America and the Middle East were up in volume and value terms.
Over the first nine months of the season, lamb exports averaged $8,646 per tonne, up 3.9 per cent. The total value of lamb exports remained relatively stable at $2.06 billion (-0.3 per cent).
In the nine months to June 2015, New Zealand mutton exports decreased by 17 percent to 67,910 tonnes shipped weight, reflecting lower mutton production and lower demand from China, the largest export market for mutton.
New Zealand mutton exports to China fell 32 percent to 39,840 tonnes shipped weight in the first nine months of the 2014-15 season, compared with the previous season. In addition, the average value of mutton exports to China decreased 6.7 percent.
Partially offsetting the drop in Chinese demand, export tonnages to the European Union, South Asia and North America were up.
In the first nine months of 2014-15, the total value of mutton exports decreased by 16 per cent, to $358 million.
Beef and veal exports
Strong demand for beef, a weaker New Zealand dollar against the US dollar and high New Zealand beef production resulted in a 37 percent rise in beef and veal export revenue over the first nine months of the season, compared with the previous season.
Dry conditions early in the summer and low milk prices led to an earlier and extended dairy cow cull than previous years. From October 2014 to June 2015, New Zealand beef and veal exports reached 340,430 tonnes shipped weight – up 8.8 percent on the corresponding period last season.
The strongest demand for New Zealand beef and veal in 2014-15 came from the United States, which took 57 per cent of total shipments, and China, which took 12 percent.
Export tonnages to the United States and China increased by 23 per cent and 38 per cent respectively. For the first time, beef and veal exports to China overtook mutton exports in terms of volume.
Strong demand and a weaker New Zealand dollar against the US dollar pushed the average per tonne value of beef and veal exports up by 26 per cent, to $7,440 per tonne, compared with $5,900 in the corresponding period last season. Beef and veal export returns reached a record high of $2.53 billion – up $686 million on the corresponding period last season.
Beef + Lamb New Zealand compiles lamb, mutton and beef export statistics for the country. This is a summary of the first nine months of the 2014-15 meat export season (1 October 2014 to 30 June 2015).
Supplied by B+LNZ Ltd.